WW II Ballistics  Tank Gun Penetration - Russia

The following is my choice of good Soviet era gun penetration data.  This is known as Certified Penetration criteria (CP).  Which means that it is based on a 80% probability of a successful penetration. A successful penetration is one where at least 75% of the shell mass (excluding windscreen) will pass through the armor.  This actually is calculated from a few test cases so some latitude has to be given. 
In some cases there are multiple values for official data. 
It looks like all Soviet block countries used this criteria but some did their own tests and calculations.

Tank Guns
Penetration figures use Soviet Union 80% success criteria.
Gun TypeAmmunitionAngleMuzzle velocity Penetration (mm)
100 m300 m500 m1000 m1500 m2000 m2500 m3000 m
20mm/L82.4 TNShAP 1 0 857 m/s (2812 ft/s) 29 22 15
20mm/L82.4 TNShAP 130 857 m/s (2812 ft/s) 18 15 10
45mm/L46 Model 37BR-240 1 0 780 m/s (2559 ft/s) 52 43 35 28 23
45mm/L46 Model 37APCR 1 0 970 m/s (3182 ft/s) 96 72 51
76.2mm/L30.5 (L-11)BR-350A 1 0 612 m/s (2008 ft/s) 68 60 50 48 44
76.2mm/L30.5 (L-11)BR-350A 130 612 m/s (2008 ft/s) 50 47 39
76.2mm/L31.5 (F-32)BR-350A 1 0 612 m/s (2008 ft/s) 69 61 52 50 44
76.2mm/L31.5 (F-32)BR-350A 130 612 m/s (2008 ft/s) 50 47 40
76.2mm/L41.5 (F-34)BR-350 2 0 662 m/s (2172 ft/s) 75 73 69 61 54 48 43 39
76.2mm/L41.5 (F-34)BR-350 230 662 m/s (2172 ft/s) 69 63 59 50 43
76.2mm/L41.5 (F-34)APCR 1 0 970 m/s (3182 ft/s) 96 72 51
85mm/L52 (D-5T)BR-365 1,2 0 792 m/s (2598 ft/s) 119115111102 93 85 76 70
85mm/L52 (D-5T)BR-365 3 0 800 m/s (2625 ft/s) 119115110101 92 83 68
85mm/L52 (D-5T)BR-365 130 792 m/s (2598 ft/s) 97 91 83 76 69
85mm/L52 (D-5T)BR-365 330 800 m/s (2625 ft/s) 97 93 90 82 75 68 56
85mm/L52 (D-5T)BR-365K 1,2 0 792 m/s (2598 ft/s) 117109101 84 69 57 47 40
85mm/L52 (D-5T)BR-365K 3 0 800 m/s (2625 ft/s) 126118111 94 78 66 56 45
85mm/L52 (D-5T)BR-365P 3 0 1020 m/s (3346 ft/s) 167152139108 83 42
Tank Guns
Penetration figures use Soviet Union 80% success criteria.
Gun TypeAmmunitionAngleMuzzle velocity Penetration (mm)
100 m300 m500 m1000 m1500 m2000 m2500 m3000 m
100mm/L53.5 (D-10T)BR-412 1 0 895 m/s (2936 ft/s) 155135115100 75
100mm/L53.5 (D-10T)BR-412 130 895 m/s (2936 ft/s) 125110 95 80 60
100mm/L53.5 (D-10T)BR-412 2 0 895 m/s (2936 ft/s) 172162155135116 99 86 74
100mm/L53.5 (D-10T)BR-412 230 895 m/s (2936 ft/s) 140133126110 95 81 70 60
100mm/L56 (D-10S)BR-412 3 0 900 m/s (2953 ft/s) 171161152131113 96
100mm/L56 (D-10S)BR-412 330 900 m/s (2953 ft/s) 139131124107 92 78
100mm/L53.5 (D-10S)BR-412B 3 0 895 m/s (2936 ft/s) 160150135125 105
100mm/L53.5 (D-10S)BR-412B 330 895 m/s (2936 ft/s) 130120110100 85
100mm/L53.5 (D-10T)BR-412D 2 0 887 m/s (2910 ft/s) 200185170155 125
100mm/L53.5 (D-10T)BR-412D 230 887 m/s (2910 ft/s) 150140130120 100
100mm/L53.5 (D-10S)BR-412D 3 0 887 m/s (2910 ft/s) 200185170155 125
100mm/L53.5 (D-10S)BR-412D 330 887 m/s (2910 ft/s) 150140130120 100
122mm/L43 (D-25T)BR-471 3 0 781 m/s (2562 ft/s) 158150143126111 97 89 84
122mm/L43 (D-25T)BR-471B 3 0 781 m/s (2562 ft/s) 160156150138128118113109
152mm/L28 (ML-20)BR-540B 1 0 600 m/s (1969 ft/s) 140136132124117109

Russians have 100mm D-10 (T= tank or S= self-propelled artillery) gun bore as 53.5 calibers while DDR had it as 56 calibers in length.

Anti-Tank Guns
Penetration figures use Soviet Union 80% success criteria.
Gun TypeAmmunitionAngleMuzzle velocity Penetration (mm)
100 m300 m500 m1000 m1500 m2000 m2500 m3000 m
45mm/L66 Model 42BR-240 1 0 870 m/s (2854 ft/s) 72 65 61 51 42 34
45mm/L66 Model 42APCR 1 0 1070 m/s (3510 ft/s) 112 96 81 58
57mm/L73 ZiS-2APBC 4 0 990 m/s (3248 ft/s) 114109103 91 79 69
57mm/L73 ZiS-2BP-271 1 0 990 m/s (3248 ft/s) 115110106 96 86 77
57mm/L73 ZiS-2APCR 1 0 1200 m/s (3937 ft/s) 175160140105
57mm/L73 ZiS-2BP-271P 4 0 1200 m/s (3937 ft/s) 190168147101
76.2mm/L42 ZiS-3BR-350A 1 0 662 m/s (2172 ft/s) 75 72 69 61 54 48
76.2mm/L51.5 (F-22)BR-350A 1 0 690 m/s (2264 ft/s) 82 75 67 60
76.2mm/L51.5 (F-22) BR-350A 130 690 m/s (2264 ft/s) 67 61 55 49
122mm/L46 (A-19)BR-471 1 0 800 m/s (2625 ft/s) 164157150130115100 90 75
122mm/L46 (A-19)BR-471B 1 0 800 m/s (2625 ft/s) 165161157147138129
122mm/L46 (A-19)BR-471B 1 0 800 m/s (2625 ft/s) 165160155145138125115105

Citations
1.  Russian official data - Often ARTKOM calculated DeMarre formula per K=2400.
2. Captured Russian document data
3. DDR (East German) official data (Though could be post WW2 Soviet data).

4. Hungarian data from Soviet table 0316 issued in 1945.

Online sources:
Russian Battlefield 1  link
Axis History forum link
Russian Firing Tables link
Soviet data as calculated and was a function of the ballistics of the projectiles.  It was found late war and post war this was in error.  Normalized data is only as good as the data it normalizes so take that into account.

Armor Basis is Averaged and Normalized to RHA BHN 270
Penetration figures use 50% success criteria.
Gun TypeAmmunitionAngleMuzzle velocity Penetration (mm)
100 m300 m500 m1000 m1500 m2000 m2500 m3000 m
14.5mm/L93 PTRD 41 BS-32 APCR 0 1114 m/s (3655 ft/s) 37 32 24 14 9 5
14.5mm/L93 PTRD 41 BS-41 APCR 0 1114 m/s (3655 ft/s) 41 36 31 20 15 7
20mm/L82.4 TNShB-Z AP 0 800 m/s (2625 ft/s) 23 18 10 4
20mm/L82.4 TNShNB-200 AP 0 892 m/s (2927 ft/s) 25 20 15 6
20mm/L82.4 TNShB-17 APCR 0 750 m/s (2461 ft/s) 27 21 16 6
45mm/L46 Model 37APBC 0 780 m/s (2559 ft/s) 55 49 44 37 30 24 18
45mm/L46 Model 37APCR 0 970 m/s (3182 ft/s) 96 78 62 36 23 13
45mm/L66 Model 42APBC 0 870 m/s (2854 ft/s) 73 66 61 49 40 33 27 20
45mm/L66 Model 42APCR 0 1070 m/s (3510 ft/s) 107 90 74 43 26 14
57mm/L73 ZiS-2APBC BP-271 0 990 m/s (3248 ft/s) 118113106 94 81 72 61 51
57mm/L73 ZiS-2APHE BP-271K 0 990 m/s (3248 ft/s) 115106 97 76 59 45 28
57mm/L73 ZiS-2APCR 0 1200 m/s (3937 ft/s) 178158137 98 62
76.2mm/L16.5 (M27, M27/43)HEAT BP-353A 0 311 m/s (1020 ft/s) 75 75 75 75
76.2mm/L30.5 (L-11)BR-350A 0 612 m/s (2008 ft/s) 72 67 63 56 50 45 40 35
76.2mm/L31.5 (F-32)BR-350A 0 612 m/s (2008 ft/s) 73 68 64 57 51 46 40 35
76.2mm/L41.5 (F-34)BR-350A 0 662 m/s (2172 ft/s) 83 79 75 66 59 53 47 41
76.2mm/L41.5 (F-34)BR-350B 0 662 m/s (2172 ft/s) 87 82 77 65 61 55 50 46
76.2mm/L41.5 (F-34)APCR 0 970 m/s (3182 ft/s) 114105 93 63 42 27 19 15
76.2mm/L41.5 (F-34)HEAT BP-353A 0 335 m/s (1099 ft/s) 75 75 75 75
76.2mm/L51.6 (F-22)BR-350A 0 690 m/s (2264 ft/s) 86 82 78 69 62 54 48 41
85mm/L52 (S-53)BR-365 0 792 m/s (2598 ft/s) 121117113103 94 85 76 68
85mm/L52 (D-5T)BR-365 0 792 m/s (2598 ft/s) 121117113104 95 86 78 70
85mm/L52 (D-5T)BR-365K 0 792 m/s (2598 ft/s) 127120113100 88 76 65 53
85mm/L52 (D-5T)BR-365P 0 1020 m/s (3346 ft/s) 169156143113 88 66 44 22
100mm/L53.5 (D-10T)BR-412 0 895 m/s (2936 ft/s) 177168160140122105 90 76
100mm/L53.5 (D-10T)BR-412B 0 895 m/s (2936 ft/s) 178173168156142130119108
100mm/L53.5 (D-10T)BR-412D 0 887 m/s (2910 ft/s) 204199194182169156144131
122mm/L22.7 M1938HEAT BR-460A 0 335 m/s (1099 ft/s) 120120120120
122mm/L43 (D-25T)BR-471 0 781 m/s (2562 ft/s) 167159151133117102 91 81
122mm/L43 (D-25T)BR-471B 0 781 m/s (2562 ft/s) 169164158147136126119112
122mm/L46 (A-19)BR-471 0 800 m/s (2625 ft/s) 171163156136120105 92 83
122mm/L46 (A-19)BR-471B 0 800 m/s (2625 ft/s) 172168164152142132122114
122mm/L46 (A-19)HEAT BR-460A 0 550 m/s (1804 ft/s) 120120120120
152mm calc. anti-concrete 0 457 m/s (1499 ft/s) 78 76 74 68 60 55 51 49
152mm/L22.7 ML-10 calc.SAP 0 457 m/s (1499 ft/s) 96 93 90 83 72 65 61 56
152mm/L24.3 ML-10 calc.BR-540 0 560 m/s (1837 ft/s) 126121117104 93 79 69 63
152mm ML-20 calc. anti-concrete 0 573 m/s (1880 ft/s) 105101 98 90 80 70 61 56
152mm/L28.2 ML-20 calc.BR-540 0 600 m/s (1969 ft/s) 138133128115102 90 76 67
152mm/L28.2 ML-20 calc.BR-540B 0 600 m/s (1969 ft/s) 138135132123115106 98 90

Entire data collection each individually normalized to RHA hardness of BHN 270 and US NBL criteria.
152mm penetration had to be calculated as the Russian Firing table of ML-20 had incorrect ballistics.